Heinkel He162 Salamander
While easy to disregard as just another of the last-minute jet projects undertaken by the Nazis as the Allies closed in, the Heinkel He162 “Salamander” was no jury-rigged disaster like some of the other Utopian German projects. It was quite capable and a brilliant feat of engineering.
Envisaged as a “People’s Fighter” which could be flown by just about anyone, the Salamander instead was a high-performance, cutting-edge piece of hardware that stood a good chance of turning the tide of the air war if the Heer had been able to hold the Luftwaffe’s airfields and oil supplies
The first Luftwaffe unit to fly the He-162 was an evaluation unit named “Erprobungskommando 162”, formed at the Luftwaffe test center at Rechlin under the command of Oberstleutnant Heinz Baer, a respected combat pilot who was credited with 200 kills.
46 He-162s were delivered to the Luftwaffe in February, allowing Baer’s unit to acquire familiarity with the type. That month also saw deliveries of the He-162 to its first operational unit, the “Ist Gruppe of Jagdgeschwader 1 (I/JG-1)”, which had previously flown Focke-Wulf 190s.
I/JG-1 was pulled back to Parchim, not far from the Heinkel factory at Marienhe, where the Luftwaffe pilots could pick up their new jets. They began intensive training on the type in March, but by that time the Third Reich was obviously on the threshold of collapse, and transportation and fuel supply was grinding to a halt under the pressure of Allied air attacks.
On 7 April, the USAAF bombed the field at Parchim with 134 B-17 Flying Fortresses. Two days later, I/JG-1 left their demolished facilities to move to a nearby airfield at Ludwigslust. Less than a week later they moved again, flying north to an airfield at Leck, in Schleswig-Holstein, near the Danish border. In the meantime, II Gruppe of JG-1 had moved to the Heinkel airfield at Marienhe to begin trading their FW-190s for He-162s.
* The He-162 finally began to see combat in mid-April. On 19 April, the pilot of a British Royal Air Force (RAF) fighter who had been captured by the Germans informed his interrogators that he had been shot down by a jet fighter, whose description was clearly that of a He-162. The Heinkel and its pilot were lost as well, shot down by an RAF Tempest fighter on the way back to base.
On 20 April, a Luftwaffe pilot successfully ejected from a He-162, though the reason for the hasty exit from his aircraft was not recorded. One possibility is that he simply ran out of fuel. The He-162’s half-hour endurance was simply not enough, and at least two of JG-1’s pilots were killed making “dead-stick” landings after exhausting their fuel.
On 4 May, all of #JG1’s surviving He-162s were formed into a special consolidated #Einsatzgruppen (Special Action Group)”, but this action amounted to little more than “rearranging the deck chairs on the TITANIC”. On 5 May, the Germans agreed to a cease-fire and the He-162s were all grounded.
From mid-April, I/JG-1 had scored a number of kills, but had also lost thirteen He-162s and ten pilots. Most of the losses were from flying accidents, due to problems such as engine flame-outs and occasional structural failures. The difficulties with the type seem to have been due to the fact that it was rushed into production, not that it was an inherently bad design. One experienced Luftwaffe pilot who flew it called it a “first-class combat aircraft”.
Erprobungskommando 162 fighters, which had been passed on to an operational unit under Adolf Galland a few weeks earlier, were all destroyed by their crews to keep the jets from falling into Allied hands. However, JG-1 cooperatively turned their He-162s over to the Allies, and examples of the fighter were then flown in the US, Britain, France, and the USSR.
Our 1/5th scale #He-162 fuselage come pre-primed using epoxy fiberglass. Light sanding and apply paint.
The main wing spar mount and landing gear
blocks are interconnected for added strength.
An extra layer over the landing gear door area provides added reinforcement and reduces building time.
Cut out the doors along the pre-molded panel lines and you’re in business.
Fan access for the He162 hatch and cockpit are pre-molded. Intake duct system comes pre-molded–into the front of the engine intake and your ready for fan installation.
The horizontal stab is Foam /veneer constructed and plugs into the rear portion of the fuselage which has a mounting flange. Alignment marks insure proper alignment and ease of installation.
The foam wings come pre-sheeted. The modeler installs the heavy duty aluminum plug-in wing spar system. Fiberglass wing tips add a touch of class. The Airelons and flaps are pre cut for you
The #Jager #He162 will happly accept Retracts or works well as a bungee/ belly launcher
Jager offer a basic kit with sheeted wings along with option packages for those who want the model more finished,
We also offer a Turbine #He162 which comes with a tail section made from high temp epoxy with carbon fiber tape. The He-162 is an excellent turbine aircraft with easy access to the engine. The fuselage can easily handle the jet fuel requirements. In the event of an engine flameout, you can rest assured that the He-162 glide and slow speed characteristics will safely get you back to the field safely.